Cleft lip and cleft mouth are birth flaws that occur at very early steps of pregnancy. Clefting effects when there is insufficient tissue in the mouth or lip region.
The accessible tissue fails to combine properly and causes oral and facial malformations. It seems as openings (cleft palate) or divides (cleft lip) in the upper lip, the roof of the mouth, or both. To know about orofacial myologist you can visit https://www.mapledentalhygienecare.com/orofacial-myology/
Image source google
Ladies who smoke while pregnancy have higher odds of having a child with an orofacial cleft than those who didn't smoke.
Medicine the mother could have taken throughout her pregnancy could cause the child to be born with an abnormality. Taking drugs such as valproic acid or topiramate during the first 4 months of pregnancy presents an increased risk of the baby being born with a cleft lip
Exposure of the fetus to viruses or chemicals while in the uterus is just another reason
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), annually, about 2,650 infants are born with a cleft mouth and 4,440 infants are born with a cleft lip with or without a cleft palate. Nevertheless, these congenital defects can be corrected and normal function and appearance can be restored with cleft palate operation.
A cleft lip generally requires more than 1 surgery, depending on the size of the repair. The initial surgery usually takes place when the baby is between 6 and 12 weeks old. Before surgery, some children may need some kind of orthodontic treatment to be able to direct the development of the mouth in the ideal direction.