Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that occur to shield that region from stress and irritation. They might occur when something such as footwear puts pressure against the foot repeatedly or results in too much pressure against part of the foot. It is known as a callus commonly if the thickening of skin takes place on the bottom of the foot. If thickening occurs on the top of the feet or toe it is usually called a corn. However, there is quite a lot of overlap between a corn and a callus. They're not transmittable but tend to grow to be painful should they become too thick. In individuals with diabetes this can lead to more severe foot problems, so that they must be taken seriously.
Corns commonly occur when a toe rubs on inside of the footwear or there is a toe deformity. High force on the balls of the foot, that is common in females who typically use high heels could cause calluses to develop underneath the balls of the foot. People that have certain deformities of the foot, for example hammer toes, claw toes, or hallux valgus are prone to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses usually have a rough dull looking appearance. They are often raised or rounded and without proper examination, they are often challenging to differentiate from warts. If you have a corn or callus that is causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your daily activities then its probably a good idea to see a podiatrist. This really is even more necessary for those who have diabetes or poor blood circulation. The podiatrist should conduct a complete examination of the feet along with your shoes and assess the way you walk to figure out the reason why you have the corns and callus. For minor corns or calluses they may recommend changing your shoes and make use of padding in your footwear. If they are more substantial, then the podiatrist might minimize them with a surgical blade to cautiously and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments may be required if the corn or callus recurs.